Iranian Mythology and Gods

Persia is the Greek name for Iran, the name by which this country was known until 1935. Based on a constant battle between good and evil, Ahura Mazda and Angra Maynu, Persian’s mythology gods create stories full of mystery and secrets. Persian pantheon is very extensive, and their gods were divided in two antithetical sides: good gods and evil, bad gods. The myths and gods of ancient Persia are built from a set of beliefs and practices of ethno-linguistic and cultural group of people who lived in antiquity in the present territory of Iran. Persian mythology has spread outside the country to Central Asia and the Black Sea. The main deity in their mythology was the Persian god Ahura Mazda, the wise lord. Ahura Mazda was the god of the sky during the day, the creator and the protector of their kings. Mithra, the god of the night sky, who later becomes two a god of the sky during the day was at that time linked to the sun. It was the god of social order and discipline and the god of war and war victories.

One of the oldest of the Iranian myths is about the invulnerable hero called Isfendar. In one of his adventures as he was fighting against a magical bird, Simurgh, the legend says that she got seriously injured, near death, and her blood spread all over Isfendar’s body, except his closed eyes. From that day, because of Simurgh’s blood, Isfendar becomes invulnerable, as he could not be killed by any weapon, just wounded. His meets his end during a fight with Rustem, another great hero of Iranian myths, a figure similar to the Greek Heracles. Rustem, advised by Simurgh, the protector of his family, makes a tamarisk arrow and aims Isfendar’s eyes during a battle as this was the only unprotected place by the magic blood.

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