The Islamic Republic of Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran, or Iran, known internationally as Persia until 1935, is a country in southwestern Asia, located between the northeast coast of the Persian Gulf and the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. On April 1th 1979, the nation is proclaimed the Islamic Republic of Iran by the Islamic Revolutionary Council headed by Ayatollah Khamenei. The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was approved by referendum in December 1979 that made Khamenei the Supreme Leader. With a unique and rich civilization, over 3,000 years, Iran is a country where customs and traditions are strictly observed. The pure Islamic art, paintings of mosques and buildings, their principles of life prescribed by ancient doctrines, their music and extraordinary cuisine show parts of the genuine ancient civilizations. People in these places have always been interested in developing a culture of its own, apart of the rest of the world. However, Iran turns to be difficult to be labeled. Situated between two worlds, the East and the West, the Persian culture art borrowed various elements from each, merging them into something original and valuable for their people. The architectures are exquisite and like no other in the world. The classic image of Iran in Europe is best reflected by the image of Iranian women dressed in chadors, black and long cloths that cover their bodies from head to toes. The Islamic culture allows men to have four permanent wives and as many “temporary” wives as they like and this has been an issue among other cultures that fight for women’s rights. It is actually a highly debated aspect of their culture. The nation’s leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, stated during a students’ conference that women in Iran are valued and honored unlike the Western cultures that “exploit women as a tool to sell various products”.

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