Tourism in Tehran
Tehran is the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the world's 19th largest city. Teheran population is about 8.429,807 due to the 20th century mass-migration from all over Iran. The city is located in the northern part of Iran. It is one of the most beautiful cities in Asia and the largest industrial, economical and cultural center of the country. Tehran weather is hot and dry during summers and cold in the winter and often cooler to the north, near the Alborz Mountains. Besides the mosques, synagogues and Zoroastrian fire temples, the modern Teheran has many tall structures like Azadi Tower and Milad Tower that became the city's symbols.
Tehran airport, Imam Khomeini International Airport is situated at about 30 km from downtown. The airport was built to replace Mehradab International Airport and was opened in May 2004. Situated at the crossroads of trade routes that connected the Mediterranean to India and the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf, crossed by Europeans or Arab traders, Tehran has become a well-known shopping center: Persian carpets and jewelry are famous in the whole world.
The main place to visit in the North is the Golestan Palace, the former palace of the last Shah dynasty, Pahlavi. If the previous dynasty, Qajarii, preferred proximity to bazaars and so the southern city, Pahlavi desired the fresh and cool mountain air. In the south of the city, not far from the center, is the Bazaar, the oldest and largest in the Middle East, spread on miles of streets, with chain shops displaying various goods or souvenirs. Another exquisite tourist site is the National Museum of Jewelry which hosts the biggest jewelry collection of the world. The museum holds Reza Pahlavi's crown adorned with 3,800 sapphires and 368 pearls, Empress Farah's tiara with 324 diamonds and the emperor's golden globe made of about 4 kilograms of gold and over 51,000 precious stones that represents the geographical areas of the world.