The Iranian Revolution
The Iranian Revolution was one of the major political events in the history of modern Iran. This event took place in the late 1970s and it was certainly one of the most important events in the country's history for a long time. Here one can read more about the Iranian Islamic Revolution and its causes as well as all of its effects.
The Iranian Revolution, also referred to as the Iranian Islamic Revolution, began in January 1978 when the protests and riots started to be organized as major demonstrations against the Shah. The country was partially paralyzed by strikes and demonstrations and in the end it led the Shah to get outside the country a year later in January 1979. At the same time Ayatollah Khomeni returned from exile to Tehran while the Pahlavi Dynasty collapsed just ten days later. This collapse has been described as an effect of the neutrality of the Iranian military forces. However, this neutrality was somewhat controversial as the declarations of neutrality of the army were given after the troops were overwhelmed by the guerillas and rebels. The Iranian Revolution ended on April 1st 1979 when Iran officially became an Islamic Republic.
Few months later, in December, the country approved a theocratic constitution and Khomeni had become the Supreme Leader of Iran. The Iranian Revolution 1979 had a great impact on the country's external relations, in particular those with the United States. In November 1979 a group of students of Iranian origin seized US embassy personnel after labeling the embassy a den of spies. The personnel were accused of being undercover CIA agents plotting to overthrow the revolutionary government. Most of the hostages were held for 444 days. This was one of the major Iranian Revolution causes that have contributed, among others to the deteriorating of the Iran-United States relations.